Sep 17, 2013

rbm47, a novel RNA binding protein, regulates zebrafish head development

Developmental Dynamics : an Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
Rui GuanXiao-Yan Wen


Vertebrate trunk induction requires inhibition of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling, whereas vertebrate head induction requires concerted inhibition of both Wnt and BMP signaling. RNA binding proteins play diverse roles in embryonic development and their roles in vertebrate head development remain to be elucidated. We first characterized the human RBM47 as an RNA binding protein that specifically binds RNA but not single-stranded DNA. Next, we knocked down rbm47 gene function in zebrafish using morpholinos targeting the start codon and exon-1/intron-1 splice junction. Down-regulation of rbm47 resulted in headless and small head phenotypes, which can be rescued by a wnt8a blocking morpholino. To further reveal the mechanism of rbm47's role in head development, microarrays were performed to screen genes differentially expressed in normal and knockdown embryos. epcam and a2ml were identified as the most significantly up- and down-regulated genes, respectively. The microarrays also confirmed up-regulation of several genes involved in head development, including gsk3a, otx2, and chordin, which are important regulators of Wnt signaling. Altogether, our findings reveal that Rbm47 is a novel RNA-binding protein critical for he...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Microarray Analysis
Wnt8a protein, zebrafish
Gene Knockdown Techniques
WNT8A gene
Kinetic Polymerase Chain Reaction
Signal Transduction Pathways

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