PMID: 10095Oct 1, 1976

Reaction of alkaline sodium picrate with creatinine: I. Kinetics and mechanism of formation of the mono-creatinine picric acid complex

Clinical Chemistry
J Vasiliades

Abstract

Spectrophotometric, kinetic, and nuclear magnetic resonance studies indicate that alkaline sodium picrate and creatinine react to form a 1/1 aduct between picric and creatinine, with a stability constant of log K= 4.26. Kinetic studies indicate that the forward reaction is first order with respect to picric acid, hydroxide, and creatinine concentration. The reverse reaction, the dissociation of the 1/1 complex, shows a complex dependence on hydroxide concentration. The expression for the observed pseudo-first-order rate constant in the presence of excess picric acid is: Kobsd = K1K0[P][OH] +[K2[OH]x. A value of K1K0 = 5.0 (mol/liter)-2s-1 is obtained. For accurate analytical results with this reaction, hydroxide concentration must be maintained at a constant value for both samples and standards.

Related Concepts

Krebiozen
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
In Vivo NMR Spectroscopy
Picrates
Spectrophotometry
Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet

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