Reaction of aspartate aminotransferase with L-erythro-3-hydroxyaspartate: involvement of Tyr70 in stabilization of the catalytic intermediates

Biochemistry
H Hayashi, H Kagamiyama

Abstract

The reaction of Escherichia coli aspartate aminotransferase (AspAT) with L-erythro-3-hydroxyaspartate (HOAsp) produces an intense absorption at 494 nm (epsilon = 13,650 M-1 cm-1), which is ascribed to the quinonoid intermediate. However, when Tyr70 of AspAT has been replaced by Phe, the enzyme shows only a faint absorption at 494 nm (epsilon = 522 M-1 cm-1) on the reaction with HOAsp. This indicates the involvement of the hydroxy group of Tyr70 in stabilizing the quinonoid intermediate formed from HOAsp and pyridoxal 5'-phosphate at the AspAT active site. Kinetic analysis of the absorption changes of the wild-type and Y70F mutant AspATs has shown that the reactions with HOAsp conform to the equation, EL + S<-->ES1<-->ES2<-->ES3<-->EM + P, in which there is a rapid formation of the quinonoid intermediate (ES2) from ES1, followed by a slow equilibrium between ES2 and ES3. ES3 absorbs primarily at 330 nm. The kinetic parameters for individual steps have been determined, and free energy profiles for the reactions of the two enzymes with HOAsp have been obtained. The stability of the quinonoid intermediates of the two enzymes in the normal catalytic reactions with aspartate has been assessed by static measurement of the spectra in t...Continue Reading

References

May 1, 1978·Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics·R C Harruff, W T Jenkins
Jan 1, 1990·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·J E TaylorA Arnone
Apr 15, 1984·Journal of Molecular Biology·J F KirschP Christen

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Oct 7, 1998·Protein Science : a Publication of the Protein Society·S PascarellaF Bossa
Jun 13, 2012·Natural Product Reports·Shanteri SinghJon S Thorson
Sep 4, 2007·The Journal of Chemical Physics·David L Andrews, Justo Rodríguez
Sep 26, 2002·Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology·Hyeon-Su Ro

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.