Jun 15, 1976

Reaction of cytidine with semicarbazide in the presence of bisulfite. A rapid modification specific for single-stranded polynucleotide

Biochemistry
H Hayatsu

Abstract

Semicarbazide reacted rapidly with 5,6-dihydrocytidine-6-sulfonate, which was formed from cytidine by addition of bisulfite across the 5,6-double bond. The transaminated product, 5,6-dihydro-4-semicarbazido-2-ketotopyrimidine-6-sulfonate ribofuranoside, was identified by comparison with that formed by treatment of 4-semicarbazido-2-ketopyrimidine ribofuranoside with bisulfite. The progress of the transamination was monitored spectrophotometrically by use of a strong absorbance of the product in alkali. The reaction between cytidine and the semicarbazide-bisulfite mixture was optimal at pH 4.5. Complete transformation of cytidine into the product required only 5 min with the use of 3M semicarbazide-1M sodium bisulfite, pH 5.0, at the reaction temperature 37 degrees C. The product was stable in unbuffered solution but in phosphate buffers it underwent elimination of bisulfite to give 4-semicarbazido-2-ketopyrimidine ribofuranoside. The rate of the elimination at pH 7.0 and 37 degrees C increased proportionally with the increase of the phosphate concentration. Complete elimination was obtained by treatment with 1 M sodium phosphate for 2 h. When heat-denatured calf-thymus DNA was treated with 3 M semicarbazide-1 M bisulfite at 37 ...Continue Reading

  • References11
  • Citations25

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Structure of Calf of Leg
Hydrogen sulfite
RNA Conformation
Phosphate buffers
Carbamylhydrazine
Neoplasm of Uncertain or Unknown Behavior of Thymus
Cattle calf (organism)
Cytosine
Bos taurus
Polynucleotides

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