Jun 15, 1976

Reaction of cytidine with semicarbazide in the presence of bisulfite. A rapid modification specific for single-stranded polynucleotide

H Hayatsu


Semicarbazide reacted rapidly with 5,6-dihydrocytidine-6-sulfonate, which was formed from cytidine by addition of bisulfite across the 5,6-double bond. The transaminated product, 5,6-dihydro-4-semicarbazido-2-ketotopyrimidine-6-sulfonate ribofuranoside, was identified by comparison with that formed by treatment of 4-semicarbazido-2-ketopyrimidine ribofuranoside with bisulfite. The progress of the transamination was monitored spectrophotometrically by use of a strong absorbance of the product in alkali. The reaction between cytidine and the semicarbazide-bisulfite mixture was optimal at pH 4.5. Complete transformation of cytidine into the product required only 5 min with the use of 3M semicarbazide-1M sodium bisulfite, pH 5.0, at the reaction temperature 37 degrees C. The product was stable in unbuffered solution but in phosphate buffers it underwent elimination of bisulfite to give 4-semicarbazido-2-ketopyrimidine ribofuranoside. The rate of the elimination at pH 7.0 and 37 degrees C increased proportionally with the increase of the phosphate concentration. Complete elimination was obtained by treatment with 1 M sodium phosphate for 2 h. When heat-denatured calf-thymus DNA was treated with 3 M semicarbazide-1 M bisulfite at 37 ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Structure of Calf of Leg
Hydrogen sulfite
RNA Conformation
Phosphate buffers
Neoplasm of Uncertain or Unknown Behavior of Thymus
Cattle calf (organism)
Bos taurus

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