Feb 18, 1976

Reaction of uracil and thymine derivatives with sodium bisulfite. Studies on the mechanism and reduction of the adduct

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
R ShapiroV Di Fate


The rates and equilibria for the addition of sodium bisulfite to uracil, thymine, and their nucleosides have been studied for the pH range 3-9.5. The rate of addition for uracil is proportional to the concentration of sulfite ion and unionized uracil. The equilibrium constant (25 degrees C) for the reaction is (1.0 +/- 0.15) X 10(3) 1 - mol-1 for uracil and 0.62 +/- 0.03 1- mol-1 for thymine. A pH of 6-7, with a high bisulfite concentration is suggested for biochemical applications of the uracil reaction. The uracil reaction, which proceeds readily under physiological conditions and has a high equilibrium constant, may be a contributing cause of the biochemical effects of bisulfite and sulfur dioxide. Additional evidence on the structure of the thymine-bisulfite adduct has been obtained by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. This spectrum supports the assignment of structure as dihydrothymine-6-sulfonate. The uracil-bisulfite adduct is reduced by sodium borohydride to sodium 3-ureido-propanol-2-sulfonate. This reaction is suggested for the chemical modification of nucleic acids.

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  • References6
  • Citations4

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Structure-Activity Relationship
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