Jan 1, 1997

Reactions of 4 methylphenyl isocyanate with amino acids

Biomarkers : Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
Gabriele Sabbioni John H Lamb Peter B Farmer And Ovnair Sepai

Abstract

Arylisocyanates are important intermediates in the chemical industry. Amongst the main damage after low levels of isocyanate exposure are lung sensitization and asthma. Protein adducts of isocyanates might be involved in the aetiology of sensitization reactions. Blood protein adducts are used as dosimeters for modifications of macromolecules in the target organs where the disease develops. To develop methods for the quantitation of protein adducts we reacted 4 methylphenyl isocyanate 4MPI with the tripeptide valyl glycyl glycine and with single amino acids yielding N 4 methylphenyl carbamoyl L valyl glycyl glycine 4MPI Val Gly Gly, N 4 methylphenyl carbamoyl L valine 4MPI Val, N 4 methylphenyl carbamoyl L aspartic acid 4MPI Asp, N acetyl S 4 methylphenyl carbamoyl L cysteine 4MPI AcCys, N acetyl N 4 methylphenyl carbamoyl lysine 4MPI AcLys, N acetyl O 4 methylphenyl carbamoyl tyrosine 4MPI AcTyr and N acetyl O 4 methylphenyl carbamoyl D,L serine 4MPI AcSer. The hydrolysis of the adducts was tested under acidic and basic conditions, to obtain the maximum yield of 4 methylaniline 4MA. The isocyanates were hydrolysed for 1 h, 3h and 24h at 100 C with 6 M HCl in and or 0.1 M NaOH at room temperature, following methods applied for t...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Isocyanates
Dione
Lung
Valine
Hydantoins
Amino Acids, I.V. solution additive
Adduct
Organ
Etiology
Lysine

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