May 1, 1973

Reactions of papain and of low-molecular-weight thiols with some aromatic disulphides. 2,2'-Dipyridyl disulphide as a convenient active-site titrant for papain even in the presence of other thiols

The Biochemical Journal
K Brocklehurst, G Little

Abstract

1. The u.v.-spectral characteristics of 5,5'-dithiobis-(2-nitrobenzoic acid) (Nbs(2)), 2,2'-dipyridyl disulphide (2-Py-S-S-2-Py), 4,4'-dipyridyl disulphide (4-Py-S-S-4-Py), 5-mercapto-2-nitrobenzoic acid (Nbs), 2-thiopyridone (Py-2-SH) and 4-thiopyridone (Py-4-SH) were determined over a wide range of pH and used to calculate their acid dissociation constants. 2. The reactions of l-cysteine, 2-mercaptoethanol and papain with the above-mentioned disulphides were investigated spectrophotometrically in the pH range 2.5-8.5. 3. Under the conditions of concentration used in this study the reactions of both low-molecular-weight thiols with all three disulphides resulted in the stoicheiometric release of the thiol or thione fragments Nbs, Py-2-SH and Py-4-SH at all pH values. The rates of these reactions are considerably faster at pH8 than at pH4, which suggests that the predominant reaction pathway in approximately neutral media is nucleophilic attack of the thiolate ion on the unprotonated disulphide. 4. The reaction of papain with Nbs(2) is markedly reversible in the acid region, and the pH-dependence of the equilibrium constant for this system in the pH range 5-8 at 25 degrees C and I=0.1 is described by: [Formula: see text] 5. Pap...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Pyridines
Structure-Activity Relationship
2-Mercaptoethanol
Pyridones
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet
Tromasin
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Benzoic Acids
Cysteine Hydrochloride

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