Nov 1, 1979

Reactivities of neutral and cationic forms of 2,2'-dipyridyl disulphide towards thiolate anions. Detection of differences between the active centres of actinidin, papain and ficin by a three-protonic-state reactivity probe

The Biochemical Journal
K BrocklehurstJ P Malthouse

Abstract

The second-order rate constants (k) for the reactions of 2,2'-dipyridyl disulphide (pKa2,45) with 2-mercaptoethanol (pKa9.6) and with benzimidazol-2-ylmethanethiol (pKa values 5.6 and 8.3) were determined at 25 degrees C at I 0.1 by stopped-flow spectral analysis over a wide range of pH. These were used to calculate the pH-independent second-order rate constants (k) for the reactions of neutral 2,2'-dipyridyl disulphide and of its monocation with the 2-mercaptoethanol thiolate anion (associated pKa9.6) and with the benzimidazol-2-ylmethanethiol zwitterion (associated pKa5.6). For both thiolate ions, the rate-enhancement factor (kmonocation/kneutral disulphide) is about 1.5x10(3). The dependence on pH in acidic media of k for the reaction of 2,2'-dipyridyl disulphide with actinidin, the thiol proteinase from Actinidia chinensis, was shown to differ from the forms of pH-dependence observed for the analogous reactions with papain (EC 3.4.22.2) and ficin (3.4.22.3). The reactivity of the 2,2'-dipyridyl disulphide dication and its apparent sensitivity to the presence and location of a positive charge in the attacking thiol are discussed.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Pyridines
2-Mercaptoethanol
Bipyridyl
Endopeptidases
Sulfhydryl Compounds
Ficain
Benzimidazoles
Tromasin
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Disulfides

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