Dec 1, 1975

Reactivity and ionization constants of the lysine residues in apovitellenin i of emu egg yolk low-density lipoprotein by competitive labelling

Australian Journal of Biological Sciences
T A Dopheide

Abstract

Competitive labelling with[14C]acetic anhydride over a range of pH values has been used to explore the surface topography of the apovitellenin I moiety in emu egg yolk low-density lipoprotein. The reaction of the lysine xi-amino groups with acetic anhydride has been related to pH in a set of titration curves; from these, the reactivities relative to alanine and the ionization constants of all but the amino terminal lysines have been determined. All lysines have near normal pKa values around 10, and lower than normal reactivities (except the amino terminal lysine). At pH values above 10, the titration curves show breaks where the epsilon-amino groups become much more reactive, except for lysine 71 which in this regard behaves like a normally ionizing lysine in not showing a discontinuity. Most of the basic residues in this apoprotein may occur clustered at the surface of the molecule. This accounts best for the observed low reactivities and pKa values. The amino terminal lysine residue is presumably completely exposed to the aqueous environment.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Apovitellenin
Egg White Proteins
LDL-1
Lysine
Peptide Fragments
Aves
Urine Lysine Measurement
Lysine Hydrochloride
Acetylation
Titration Method

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