PMID: 2866791Aug 27, 1985Paper

Reactivity of Glu-22(beta) of hemoglobin S for amidation with glucosamine

A S Acharya, R Seetharam


X-ray diffraction analysis of deoxyhemoglobin S crystals has implicated that a number of carboxyl groups of the protein are present at or near the intermolecular contact regions. The reactivity of these or other carboxyl groups of hemoglobin S for the amidation with an amino sugar, i.e., glucosamine, and the influence of amidation on the oxygen affinity and polymerization have been investigated. Reaction of oxyhemoglobin S at pH 6.0 and 23 degrees C with 20 mM 1-ethyl-3-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]carbodiimide (EDC) and 100 mM [3H]glucosamine for 1 h resulted in an incorporation of nearly two residues of glucosamine per tetramer. The amidation was very specific for the carboxyl groups of globin; the glucosamine was not incorporated into the heme carboxyls. Derivatization of hemoglobin S by glucosamine increased the O2 affinity of the protein but had no influence on either the Hill coefficient or the Bohr effect. Amidation by glucosamine also increased the solubility of deoxyhemoglobin S by about 55%. Tryptic peptide mapping of the modified hemoglobin S indicated that the peptides beta-T3 and beta-T5 contained the glucosamine incorporated into the protein. Sequence analysis of glucosamine-modified beta-T3 and beta-T5 demonstrated t...Continue Reading


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