PMID: 7992601Jan 1, 1994Paper

Rearrangement of T-cell receptor delta/gamma genes: application to the study of clonality in childhood B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukaemia

Acta haematologica Polonica
D A Januszkiewicz, J S Nowak

Abstract

DNA-based PCR with various sets of primers for T-cell receptor gamma/delta (TCR gamma/delta) chain genes was used to study clonality in childhood B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. TCR delta genes rearrangements were the most common and were observed in 77 patients (64.2%). The typical pattern of rearrangements was defined as an incomplete V delta 2 to D delta 3 or to D delta 2 recombination product. Rearrangements of TCR gamma genes were observed in 61 cases (50.8%). Predominantly, TCR gamma genes rearrangements were detected in null-ALL and the early B-ALL (55.2% and 60%, respectively) and were rather rare in other groups. From all eight V segments of V gamma l group rearrangements concerned mostly regions V gamma 2, V gamma 4 and V gamma 7. We have confirmed that TCR gamma and delta genes amplification provides a rapid, sensitive method for assessing clonality in ALL almost in 100%.

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