PMID: 12075790Jun 22, 2002Paper

Reassessment of the hydrocarbons in Prince William Sound and the Gulf of Alaska: identifying the source using partial least-squares

Environmental Science & Technology
Stephen M Mudge

Abstract

There has been considerable exchange in the literature regarding the source of the background hydrocarbons in Prince William Sound and the Gulf of Alaska. Page and coworkers suggest oil-based sources while Short and coworkers suggest coal. The multivariate statistical methodology of partial least-squares (PLS) has been used to reassess the percentage contribution of coal, seep oil, shales, and rivers to the hydrocarbon loading in the Gulf of Alaska. Data have kindly been provided by Short (NOAA) and Page (Bowdoin College, for Exxon), and these have been analyzed using selected sites as sources in order to develop signatures. These signatures are based on 40 and 136 compounds, respectively, and include the PAH and terpane/sterane biomarkers in the case of the Exxon data. The principal components describing these sources are then fitted to the data for other sites around the Prince William Sound (PWS) and Gulf of Alaska (GoA) to determine the proportion of the variability described by each source. Using the Exxon data, a mixed source of coal, seep oil, eroding shales, and rivers (1 and 2) sources described approximately 13%, 18%, 24%, 26%, and 20%, respectively, of the variance in PWS and GoA data. The rivers 1 signature was very...Continue Reading

References

May 16, 2001·Environmental Science & Technology·P D BoehmJ S Brown

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Aug 6, 2003·Marine Pollution Bulletin·Zhendi Wang, Merv F Fingas
Jul 15, 2009·Marine Pollution Bulletin·Joel H Reynolds, Nick Braman
May 17, 2012·Journal of Environmental Monitoring : JEM·Jorge MuñozClaudio Bravo-Linares
Oct 22, 2020·Analytical Methods : Advancing Methods and Applications·Candice C ChuaDayue Shang
May 14, 2011·Analytica Chimica Acta·Brianne M ZorzettiJames J Harynuk
Mar 31, 2006·Environmental Science & Technology·Thomas J BoydRichard B Coffin
Jun 24, 2004·Environmental Science & Technology·Jan H ChristensenOle Andersen
Dec 6, 2006·Environmental Science & Technology·William A BurnsKeith R Parker

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.