PMID: 33919Jan 1, 1978

Recent advances in diagnosis and management of galactorrhea

International Journal of Fertility
A H Ansari, O H Pearson


Using prolactin suppression (L-dopa) and provocative (thorazine) tests along with the clomid test the intactness of hypothalamico-pituitary axis was assessed in a group of eight patients with galactorrhea syndrome. Pituitary neoplasm was suspected in three cases on the basis of elevated plasma prolactin and its abnormal response to L-dopa, thorazine, and clomid tests. Trans-sphenoidal exploration of the pituitary gland in these three cases confirmed the diagnosis. In these cases, however, the commonly used parameters for evaluation of the pituitary gland (skull X ray, visual field measurement, echoencephalogram, etc.) failed to reveal the presence of the pituitary lesions. In two of the three cases, normal menses recurred following extirpation of the tumors and conception was achieved successfully. In the remaining patient the operation failed to remove the entire pituitary lesion and it was necessary to irradiate the pituitary gland as the patient continued to have persistent galactorrhea and hyperprolactinemia. The importance of the prolactin assay, and its response to stimulation and suppression tests for proper evaluation of galactorrhea was fully discussed.

Related Concepts

Pituitary Carcinoma

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.

Related Papers

International Journal of Fertility
V A TzingounisS G Tsoukalos
Journal of Microsurgery
L K Page, W J LeMaire
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved