Jun 6, 2000

Recent advances in the brain targeting of neuropharmaceuticals by chemical delivery systems

Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
N Bodor, P Buchwald

Abstract

Brain-targeted chemical delivery systems represent a general and systematic method that can provide localized and sustained release for a variety of therapeutic agents including neuropeptides. By using a sequential metabolism approach, they exploit the specific trafficking properties of the blood-brain barrier and provide site-specific or site-enhanced delivery. After a brief description of the design principles, the present article reviews a number of specific delivery examples (zidovudine, ganciclovir, lomustine benzylpenicillin, estradiol, enkephalin, TRH, kyotorphin), together with representative synthetic routes, physicochemical properties, metabolic pathways, and pharmacological data. A reevaluated correlation for more than 60 drugs between previously published in vivo cerebrovascular permeability data and octanol/water partition coefficients is also included since it may be useful in characterizing the properties of the blood-brain barrier, including active transport by P-glycoprotein.

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Blood - Brain Barrier Anatomy
Zidovudine
Brain
Kyotorphin
Estradiol Measurement
Trafficking
P-Glycoprotein Activity
Injection, Zidovudine,10 MG Administered
Therapeutic Agent

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