PMID: 6105128Jul 1, 1980Paper

Recent developments in noradrenergic neurotransmission and its relevance to the mechanism of action of certain antihypertensive agents

Hypertension
S Z LangerR Massingham

Abstract

This report reviews a number of significant developments in the fields of noradrenergic transmission and adrenergic receptors which suggest that, in addition to the classical postsynaptic adrenoceptors, there are also presynaptic adrenoceptors that help modulate the release of norepinephrine (NE) from peripheral as well as central noradrenergic nerve endings during nerve stimulation. In particular, stimulation of presynaptic alpha-adrenoceptors reduces this release of transmitter and the reverse is observed after blockade of these receptors. Clearcut pharmacological differences exist between the postsynaptic alpha 1-adrenoceptors that mediate the responses of certain organs and the presynaptic alpha 2-adrenoceptors that modulate the NE release during nerve stimulation. Therefore, subclassification of alpha-adrenoceptors into alpha 1 and alpha 2 subtypes is warranted but must be considered to be independent of the anatomical location of these receptors. Some noradrenergic nerve endings have also been shown to possess beta-adrenergic receptors, the stimulation of which increases the quantity of transmitter released by nerve impulses. Physiologically, these receptors could be activated by circulating epinephrine (E) and be involve...Continue Reading

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