Recent developments in the roles of vitamins and minerals in reproduction.

Journal of Dairy Science
W L Hurley, R M Doane

Abstract

Vitamins and minerals affect reproductive function. Vitamin A deficiency has long been known to affect reproductive function in cattle. More recently, a role has been proposed for the vitamin A percursor, beta-carotene, in reproductive efficiency. Dietary supplementation with vitamin E and selenium may reduce the incidence of retained placenta, but these nutrients may also affect reproductive function in other ways. Calcium and phosphorus deficiencies affect reproduction in cattle, and vitamin D may directly affect reproductive function in addition to its role in calcium and phosphorus metabolism. Dietary manipulation of a number of other vitamins and minerals also influences reproductive function. However, the specific roles of nutrients in reproductive tissues are not well-defined in dairy cattle, and nutrient requirements for optimal reproductive efficiency in modern dairy cattle deserve careful reevaluation. This review provides a background of the effect of vitamins and minerals on reproduction and it attempts to provide a basis for further investigation of specific mechanisms by which reproductive function is affected. The interface between nutritional science and reproductive physiology provides considerable potential fo...Continue Reading

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Nov 16, 2010·Tropical Animal Health and Production·Ismail Aytekin, Serap Unubol Aypak
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