Oct 14, 2014

Widespread Remodeling of Synaptic Protein Interaction Networks Following Homeostatic Plasticity in Cortical Neurons Requires Homer1 and Shank3

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Kelley HarrisStephen E.P. Smith

Abstract

Neurons maintain constant levels of excitability using homeostatic scaling, which adjusts relative synaptic strength in response to large changes in overall activity. While previous studies have catalogued the transcriptomic and proteomic changes associated with scaling, the resulting alterations in synaptic protein interaction networks (PINs) are less well understood. Here, we monitor a glutamatergic synapse PIN composed of 380 binary interactions among 21 protein members to identify protein complexes altered by synaptic scaling. In cultured cortical neurons, we observe widespread bidirectional PIN alterations with up- versus downscaling. In the barrel cortex, the PIN response to 48 hours of sensory deprivation exhibits characteristics of both upscaling and downscaling, consistent with emerging models of excitatory/inhibitory balance in cortical plasticity. Mice lacking Homer1 or Shank3B do not undergo normal PIN rearrangements, suggesting that these Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)-linked proteins serve as structural hubs for synaptic homeostasis. Our approach demonstrates how previously identified RNA and protein-level changes induced during homeostatic scaling translate into functional PIN alterations.

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Complement Membrane Attack Complex
Biochemical Pathway
Genome
Somatic Mutation
Cutaneous Melanoma
Response to DNA Damage Stimulus
Gene Mutation
Etiology
Adaptation
DNA Replication

Related Feeds

Cancer Genomics (Preprints)

Cancer genomics employ high-throughput technologies to identify the complete catalog of somatic alterations that characterize the genome, transcriptome and epigenome of cohorts of tumor samples. Discover the latest preprints here.

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

Alternative Complement Pathway

The Alternative Complement Pathway is part of the innate immune system, and activation generates membrane attack complexes that kill pathogenic cells. Discover the latest research on the Alternative Complement Pathway.

Related Papers

Archives françaises de pédiatrie
J WEILL KALIFAT
Die Quintessenz
R B Winstanley
Quintessence International, Dental Digest
R B Winstanley
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved