Oct 26, 2018

Recent invasion of P transposable element into Drosophila yakuba

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Antonio G Serrato-CapuchinaD R Matute

Abstract

Transposable elements (TEs) are self-replicating genetic units that are common across prokaryotes and eukaryotes. They have been implicated in the origin of new molecular functions and in some cases, new phenotypes. Yet, the processes that lead to their evolution and how they enter the genome of their hosts remain largely underexplored. The P-element is one of the most well-known TEs in Eukaryotes, due to its rapid expansion in Drosophila melanogaster in the 1960s and its faster invasion of D. simulans , despite its fitness consequences in both species. Here, we describe a recent invasion of P-elements into Drosophila yakuba . Overall, PEs were found in D. yakuba with no PEs detected across its sister species, D. teissieri and D. santomea . These findings are surprising due the lack of a genetic bridge between D. yakuba and other Drosophila that harbor PEs, implicating a horizontal gene transfer mechanism similar to the one that gave rise to the invasion of PEs in D. melanogaster and D. simulans . We also report that the presence of these PEs causes a mild hybrid dysgenesis phenomenon; namely they cause a reduction in female reproductive potential (lower number of ovaries and ovarioles), but only at 29°C and not at 23°C. Given ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Fertility
Pulmonary Embolism
Genome
Both Ovaries
Drosophila santomea
Ovary
Vertical Disease Transmission
Molecular_function
Drosophila simulans
Drosophila

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