Nov 26, 2014

Recent Y chromosome divergence despite ancient origin of dioecy in poplars (Populus)

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
A GeraldesQuentin C B Cronk

Abstract

All species of the genus Populus (poplar, aspen) are dioecious, suggesting an ancient origin of this trait. Theory suggests that non-recombining sex-linked regions should quickly spread, eventually becoming heteromorphic chromosomes. In contrast, we show using whole genome scans that the sex-associated region in P. trichocarpa is small and much younger than the age of the genus. This indicates that sex-determination is highly labile in poplar, consistent with recent evidence of “turnover” of sex determination regions in animals. We performed whole genome resequencing of 52 Populus trichocarpa (black cottonwood) and 34 P. balsamifera (balsam poplar) individuals of known sex. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in these unstructured populations identified 650 SNPs significantly associated with sex. We estimate the size of the sex-linked region to be ~100 Kbp. All significant SNPs were in strong linkage disequilibrium despite the fact that they were mapped to six different chromosomes (plus 3 unmapped scaffolds) in version 2.2 of the reference genome. We show that this is likely due to genome misassembly. The segregation pattern of sex associated SNPs revealed this to be an XY sex determining system. Estimated divergence times ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genome-Wide Association Study
Size
Y Chromosome
Allergy Testing Poplar
poplar antigen
Populus trichocarpa
Genome
Determination Aspects
Dysequilibrium Syndrome
Genome Assembly Sequence

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