PMID: 6098673Jan 1, 1984Paper

Receptor-induced diacylglycerol formation in permeabilized platelets; possible role for a GTP-binding protein

Journal of Receptor Research
R J Haslam, M M Davidson

Abstract

Exposure of human platelets to 10 discharges from a 4.5 microF capacitor charged at 3 kV permitted isolation of a stable preparation of permeabilized platelets that, after equilibration with Ca2+ buffers (pCa less than 6) for 15 min at O degrees C, secreted 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) at 25 degrees C. Thrombin enhanced the sensitivity to Ca2+ of the secretion of 5-HT by about 10-fold, whereas Arg -vasopressin and the prostaglandin endoperoxide analogue, U-46619, increased sensitivity to Ca2+ by 3 to 4-fold. This action of thrombin was associated with stimulation of diacylglycerol formation, a marked increase in phosphorylation of protein P47 and a smaller increase in phosphorylation of the P-light chain of myosin. Thrombin exerted these effects at a [Ca2+ free] of 0.1 microM, suggesting that the receptor-activated breakdown of platelet phosphoinositides to diacylglycerol may not require prior Ca2+ mobilization in intact platelets. In both the presence and absence of thrombin, a higher [Ca2+ free] was required for optimal secretion than for maximal phosphorylation of P47 and myosin light-chain, indicating that Ca2+ and possibly diacylglycerol have roles in the secretory mechanism additional to activation of the enzymes that phosp...Continue Reading

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