Reconstructing the discontinuous and conformational β1/β3-loop binding site on hFSH/hCG by using highly constrained multicyclic peptides

Chembiochem : a European Journal of Chemical Biology
Linde E J SmeenkPeter Timmerman

Abstract

Making peptide-based molecules that mimic functional interaction sites on proteins remains a challenge in biomedical sciences. Here, we present a robust technology for the covalent assembly of highly constrained and discontinuous binding site mimics, the potential of which is exemplified for structurally complex binding sites on the "Cys-knot" proteins hFSH and hCG. Peptidic structures were assembled by Ar(CH2 Br)2-promoted peptide cyclizations, combined with oxime ligation and disulfide formation. The technology allows unprotected side chain groups and is applicable to peptides of different lengths and nature. A tetracyclic FSH mimic was constructed, showing >600-fold improved binding compared to linear or monocyclic controls. Binding of a tricyclic hCG mimic to anti-hCG mAb 8G5 was identical to hCG itself (IC50 =260 vs. 470 pM), whereas this mimic displayed an IC50 value of 149 nM for mAb 3468, an hCG-neutralizing antibody with undetectable binding to either linear or monocyclic controls.

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Related Concepts

Monoclonal Antibodies
Immune complex
Catalysis
Cyclization
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Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Pregnyl
Ketoximes
Cyclic Peptides
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity

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