Reconstruction of large defects postmandibulectomy for oral cancer using plates and myocutaneous flaps: a long-term follow-up

International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
P B MarianiJ Magrin

Abstract

A series of 28 consecutive cases of mandibular reconstruction by means of reconstructive plates and myocutaneous flaps were reviewed. In all cases mandibular resection was indicated for treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity: 25 pelviglossomandibulectomies (resulting in large defects from the angle of the mandible), 2 Commando operations (resulting in lateral defects) and 1 anterior sectional mandibulectomy (resulting in an anterior defect). Tumour stages were T1-T2 (4 cases) and T3-T4 (24 cases). Success was defined as plate maintenance 6 months' postoperatively/postradiotherapy. The overall success rate was 32.2%. Lateral-centre-lateral (L-C-L) defects had 32% success, L (lateral) defects had 50% success and in the single case of a C (centre) defect, the plate was not maintained. Stainless steel reconstruction plates showed a similar success rate as titanium plates (30% versus 34%). In cases not submitted to radiotherapy there were more maintained plates than in cases that received radiotherapy (45.5% versus 23.6%). Reconstruction plates are not effective in bridging large defects of the resected mandible. Only in selected cases that are not eligible for microvascular free flaps should plates and myocutaneous...Continue Reading

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