Recovery from the most profound mass extinction of all time

Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Sarda Sahney, Michael J Benton

Abstract

The end-Permian mass extinction, 251 million years (Myr) ago, was the most devastating ecological event of all time, and it was exacerbated by two earlier events at the beginning and end of the Guadalupian, 270 and 260 Myr ago. Ecosystems were destroyed worldwide, communities were restructured and organisms were left struggling to recover. Disaster taxa, such as Lystrosaurus, insinuated themselves into almost every corner of the sparsely populated landscape in the earliest Triassic, and a quick taxonomic recovery apparently occurred on a global scale. However, close study of ecosystem evolution shows that true ecological recovery was slower. After the end-Guadalupian event, faunas began rebuilding complex trophic structures and refilling guilds, but were hit again by the end-Permian event. Taxonomic diversity at the alpha (community) level did not recover to pre-extinction levels; it reached only a low plateau after each pulse and continued low into the Late Triassic. Our data showed that though there was an initial rise in cosmopolitanism after the extinction pulses, large drops subsequently occurred and, counter-intuitively, a surprisingly low level of cosmopolitanism was sustained through the Early and Middle Triassic.

References

Nov 6, 1989·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Michael J Benton
Dec 1, 1985·Journal of the Royal Society of Health·J W DickersonM Crowder
Apr 7, 1995·Science·Michael J Benton
Sep 1, 1994·Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia = Journal Canadien D'anesthésie·C J EagleD Pagenkopf
Apr 24, 2001·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·A B Smith
May 17, 2001·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·John AlroyA Webber
Jul 16, 1993·Science·C C Labandeira, J J Sepkoski
Jun 25, 2002·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Ricard V SoléDouglas H Erwin
Mar 11, 2005·Nature·Robert A Rohde, Richard A Muller
Dec 7, 2006·Biology Letters·Andrew B Smith, Alistair J McGowan
Nov 25, 1994·Science·S M Stanley, X Yang
Sep 22, 1972·Science·D M Raup
Jul 1, 1997·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·V B Meyer-Rochow, I A Stringer
Jul 1, 1997·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·K Roy, M Foote

Citations

May 19, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Lauren Cole Sallan, Michael I Coates
Jan 9, 2013·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Nadia B FröbischOlivier Rieppel
May 1, 2013·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Christian A SidorLinda A Tsuji
Mar 16, 2011·Astrobiology·Dave Waltham
Oct 28, 2011·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Randall B Irmis, Jessica H Whiteside
Aug 30, 2013·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Marcello RutaMichael J Benton
Oct 29, 2010·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Michael J Benton
Aug 3, 2013·Science·Jessica L BloisSeth Finnegan
Dec 25, 2015·Astrobiology·Kevin R Grazier
Oct 7, 2015·Current Biology : CB·Pincelli Hull
Nov 29, 2014·Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society·Carlo RomanoJürgen Kriwet
Jun 7, 2011·Comptes rendus biologies·Gilles EscarguelSerge Legendre
Sep 2, 2010·Journal of Theoretical Biology·Ricard V SoléDouglas H Erwin
Dec 8, 2009·Journal of Theoretical Biology·Ryo Hironaga, Norio Yamamura
Mar 12, 2016·Scientific Reports·Felipe L PinheiroCesar L Schultz
Jan 22, 2013·Ecology Letters·Fabien L CondamineHélène Morlon
Jan 27, 2012·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Graeme T LloydStephen L Brusatte
Jul 16, 2010·Risk Analysis : an Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis·Milan M CirkovićNick Bostrom
Apr 14, 2016·Royal Society Open Science·Roland B Sookias
Jul 25, 2015·Infection, Genetics and Evolution : Journal of Molecular Epidemiology and Evolutionary Genetics in Infectious Diseases·Xi ZhangZhong Quan Wang
Feb 7, 2012·Journal of Ethnopharmacology·Wycliffe WanzalaAhmed Hassanali
Apr 7, 2017·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Neil BrocklehurstJörg Fröbisch
Sep 26, 2009·Nature·Johan RockströmJonathan A Foley
Jan 13, 2018·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Massimo BernardiMichael J Benton
Jan 22, 2019·Nature Ecology & Evolution·Jason D PardoAdam K Huttenlocker
Apr 11, 2019·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Neil Brocklehurst
Dec 17, 2008·Systematic Biology·Matthew A WillsJulia F Heathcote
Feb 14, 2018·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·Emma M DunneRichard J Butler
Jul 24, 2015·IMA Fungus·Hai D T NguyenKeith A Seifert
Sep 12, 2019·Communications Biology·Valentin-Mihai DospinescuNicholas Dale
May 24, 2019·Frontiers in Microbiology·Alessandro W Rossoni, Andreas P M Weber
Oct 12, 2017·Nature Communications·David J ButtonRichard J Butler
Mar 27, 2019·Scientific Reports·Henrik Richard GrunertJörg Fröbisch
Jan 12, 2020·Communications Biology·Valentin-Mihai DospinescuNicholas Dale

Related Concepts

Bionomics
Fossils
Paleontology
Neomalthusianism
Habitat
Dinosaurs
Biodiversity
Extinction, Species

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.