Apr 29, 2020

Predicting sites of epitranscriptome modifications using unsupervised representation learning based on generative adversarial networks

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
S. SalekinYufei Huang

Abstract

Epitranscriptome is an exciting area that studies different types of modifications in transcripts and the prediction of such modification sites from the transcript sequence is of significant interest. However, the scarcity of positive sites for most modifications imposes critical challenges for training robust algorithms. To circumvent this problem, we propose MR-GAN, a generative adversarial network (GAN) based model, which is trained in an unsupervised fashion on the entire pre-mRNA sequences to learn a low dimensional embedding of transcriptomic sequences. MR-GAN was then applied to extract embeddings of the sequences in a training dataset we created for eight epitranscriptome modifications, including m6A, m1A, m1G, m2G, m5C, m5U, 2'-O-Me, Pseudouridine ({Psi}) and Dihydrouridine (D), of which the positive samples are very limited. Prediction models were trained based on the embeddings extracted by MR-GAN. We compared the prediction performance with the one-hot encoding of the training sequences and SRAMP, a state-of-the-art m6A site prediction algorithm and demonstrated that the learned embeddings outperform one-hot encoding by a significant margin for up to 15% improvement. Using MR-GAN, we also investigated the sequence m...Continue Reading

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