Recurrence of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss: a retrospective cohort study

Otology & Neurotology : Official Publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology
Che-Ming WuYung-Song Lin

Abstract

To explore the recurrence rate of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL). Using the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database, we compared in a retrospective cohort study 45,715 patients with ISSNHL between January 2001 and December 2006 with 45,715 age-, gender-, and comorbidity-matched controls without ISSNHL. We followed each patient from 180 days after the initial diagnosis until the end of 2009 and evaluated the incidence of ISSNHL for 3 years minimum. The cumulative incidence of ISSNHL recurrence was 4.99%. Cox proportional hazard regressions showed that the 50- to 64-year-old age group had a higher adjusted hazard ratio (1.59; 95% confidence interval: 1.40-1.81) than did the 0- to 34-year-old age group. Different comorbidities did not significantly affect the incidence of ISSNHL relapse. The risk of an ISSNHL relapse in patients with a history of ISSNHL was higher than was the risk of a first occurrence of ISSNHL in the Controls. We suggest that physicians counsel patients with a history of ISSNHL to seek medical attention if they have hearing impairments because they may also have a high risk of an ISSNHL relapse. 2B.

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Citations

Jul 25, 2015·Acta Oto-laryngologica·Giuseppe AttanasioRoberto Filipo
Nov 14, 2018·BMJ : British Medical Journal·Jonathan M Fishman, Laura Cullen
Jan 16, 2020·American Journal of Audiology·Giancarlo PecorariRoberto Albera
Mar 16, 2016·Vestnik otorinolaringologii·V T Pal'chunS D Chistov
Jun 22, 2016·The Laryngoscope·Kati HärkönenJuha-Pekka Vasama
May 28, 2021·Scientific Reports·Masoud Khosravipour, Fatemeh Rajati

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