Mar 15, 2018

Recurrent excitation between motoneurones propagates across segments and is purely glutamatergic

PLoS Biology
Gardave S Bhumbra, Marco Beato

Abstract

Spinal motoneurones (Mns) constitute the final output for the execution of motor tasks. In addition to innervating muscles, Mns project excitatory collateral connections to Renshaw cells (RCs) and other Mns, but the latter have received little attention. We show that Mns receive strong synaptic input from other Mns throughout development and into maturity, with fast-type Mns systematically receiving greater recurrent excitation than slow-type Mns. Optical recordings show that activation of Mns in one spinal segment can propagate to adjacent segments even in the presence of intact recurrent inhibition. While it is known that transmission at the neuromuscular junction is purely cholinergic and RCs are excited through both acetylcholine and glutamate receptors, here we show that neurotransmission between Mns is purely glutamatergic, indicating that synaptic transmission systems are differentiated at different postsynaptic targets of Mns.

  • References30
  • Citations4

Mentioned in this Paper

Manganese
Synaptic Transmission
Soleus Muscle Structure
Motor Neurons
Collateral Branch of Vessel
Cell Differentiation Process
Neural Pathways
Synapses
Disease Transmission
Muscle

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