Jan 15, 2016

Redox potential tuning by redox-inactive cations in nature's water oxidizing catalyst and synthetic analogues

Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics : PCCP
Vera KrewaldDimitrios A Pantazis

Abstract

The redox potential of synthetic oligonuclear transition metal complexes has been shown to correlate with the Lewis acidity of a redox-inactive cation connected to the redox-active transition metals of the cluster via oxo or hydroxo bridges. Such heterometallic clusters are important cofactors in many metalloenzymes, where it is speculated that the redox-inactive constituent ion of the cluster serves to optimize its redox potential for electron transfer or catalysis. A principal example is the oxygen-evolving complex in photosystem II of natural photosynthesis, a Mn4CaO5 cofactor that oxidizes water into dioxygen, protons and electrons. Calcium is critical for catalytic function, but its precise role is not yet established. In analogy to synthetic complexes it has been suggested that Ca(2+) fine-tunes the redox potential of the manganese cluster. Here we evaluate this hypothesis by computing the relative redox potentials of substituted derivatives of the oxygen-evolving complex with the cations Sr(2+), Gd(3+), Cd(2+), Zn(2+), Mg(2+), Sc(3+), Na(+) and Y(3+) for two sequential transitions of its catalytic cycle. The theoretical approach is validated with a series of experimentally well-characterized Mn3AO4 cubane complexes that ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Calcium [EPC]
Dioxygen
Derivatives
Oxygen Evolving Complex
Calcium
Oxidation-Reduction Activity [MoA]
Complex (molecular entity)
Electron Transport
Calcium ion
Chloroplast Photosystem II

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