Reduced affinity for thyroxine in two of three structural thyroxine-binding prealbumin variants associated with familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy

The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
S RefetoffM D Benson


T4-binding prealbumin (TBPA), a protein synthesized by the liver, circulates as a tetramer and transports 15-20% of T4. We studied 3 variants of the TBPA monomer recently identified in serum and amyloid fibrils of patients affected by familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP). They represent single amino acid substitutions at positions 30 (type I), 60 (Appalachian), and 84 (type II). Tests of thyroid function and the apparent association constant (Ka) of T4 binding to TBPA were measured in whole serum from 14 carriers of FAP identified clinically, by amino acid sequence analysis, or by DNA restriction fragment analysis. Significant reduction of Ka was found in subjects with FAP types I and II, but not in subjects with the Appalachian type. Mean (+/- SD) values of 0.24 +/- 0.08 X 10(7) M-1 for type I and 0.26 +/- 0.10 X 10(7) M-1 for type II were significantly (P less than 0.0001) lower than those for normal relatives (1.39 +/- 0.30 X 10(7) M-1) or unrelated normal subjects (1.41 +/- 0.18 X 10(7) M-1). The mean Ka value for the five subjects with FAP of the Appalachian type was slightly but not significantly reduced (1.08 +/- 0.11 X 10(7) M-1). There was no overlap of individual Ka values of subjects with types I and II TBPA wit...Continue Reading


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