Sep 15, 2005

Reduced bactericidal activity and nitric oxide production in metallothionein-deficient macrophages in response to lipopolysaccharide stimulation

Toxicology
Norio ItohKeiichi Tanaka

Abstract

This study was designed to investigate bactericidal activity of and nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated peritoneal exudate macrophages (Mvarphi) from metallothionein (MT)-null mice. Control Mvarphi had a bactericidal effect on Staphylococcus aureus, but MT-null Mvarphi had significantly lower activity. NO is an important factor in the bactericidal function of Mvarphi. LPS-stimulated MT-null Mvarphi produced less NO than those of control mice. LPS-stimulated Mvarphi produce cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha. TNF-alpha activate Mvarphi and stimulates NO production. We evaluated NO production by TNF-alpha-stimulated Mvarphi. MT-null Mvarphi produced less NO in response to TNF-alpha stimulation. Levels of expression of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) mRNA and production of iNOS protein in response to LPS stimulation were similar in MT-null and control cells, as were levels of expression of arginase, which competes in arginine metabolism with iNOS. No notable changes were found in arginine uptake or in expression of cationic amino acid transporter 2 (a major arginine transporter in Mvarphi) between control and MT-null Mvarphi. The rate of conversion of [(14)C]-l-arginine to citrulline, ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Macrophages, Peritoneal
Arginine hydrochloride
GIT2 gene
ISYNA1 gene
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Hypokinesia
SDS-PAGE
Interleukin-1
Murine

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