PMID: 447041Aug 1, 1979

Reduced intraluminal bile acid concentrations and fat maldigestion in pancreatic insufficiency: correction by treatment

Gastroenterology
P T ReganV L Go

Abstract

Malabsorption of bile acids is known to occur in patients with pancreatic insufficiency particularly when due to cystic fibrosis. Abnormal biliary secretion or intraluminal acidic precipitation of bile acids could contribute to the steatorrhea of pancreatic insufficiency. To measure bile acid outputs and duodenal concentrations of bile salts and lipids simultaneously, we performed intestinal intubation and perfusion studies during feeding of a solid test meal in 6 healthy controls and 8 adult patients with advanced acquired exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. The effects of various treatment regimens were also investigated. Postprandial bile acid secretion was similar in all treatment groups. However, significant (P less than 0.05) reductions in micellar concentrations of bile acids and fatty acids were observed in untreated pancreatic insufficiency. These abnormalities were directly related to pH-induced precipitation of bile acids and were corrected only by the addition of cimetidine to standard pancreatin therapy. Thus, in pancreatic insufficiency, treatment with pancreatin plus cimetidine enhances fat digestion and absorption by reducing both acid-peptic inactivation of lipase and acidic precipitation of bile acids.

Related Concepts

Bile Salts
Tagamet
Ghee
Digestion
Duodenum
Guanidines
Intestinal Absorption
Pancreatic Diseases
Panzytrat
Secretory Rate

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.