Sep 10, 1976

Reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, a structural and conformational probe of chicken liver fatty acid synthetase

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
K R Srinivasan, S Kumar


Structural and conformational organization of chicken liver fatty acid synthetase has been probed using its fluorescent coenzyme, NADPH. Three NADPH binding sites per mole of the enzyme complex, of apparently identical dissociation constant (KD = 0.6 muM) can be titrated at temperatures above 12 degrees. These results are in disagreement with the earlier studies of Hsu and Wagner (Hsu, R. Y., and Wagner, B. J. (1970) Biochemistry, 9, 245-251) in which four such sites could be titrated. At 12 degrees, the composite sites split into two subsets: a pair of sites with a KD of 0.3 muM and a third site with a Kd of 1.1 muM. At lower temperatures (5 degrees or 2 degrees), the site with weak affinity disappears, leaving a pair of sites with a Kd of 0.5 muM. Similar observations were made when the enzyme was modified with phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride, a specific and selective inhibitor of fatty acyl-CoA deacylase (s) of the pigeon liver enzyme complex (Kumar, S. (1975) J. Biol. Chem. 250, 5150-5158). Partial modification with phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride elicits a NADPH binding response similar to the binding observed at 12 degrees, i.e. two sets of binding sites with nonidentical dissociation constants. Further modification correspon...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Nicotinamide Assay
Nadph Binding
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Allergy Testing Pigeon
Hydatidiform Mole

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