DOI: 10.1101/501973Dec 19, 2018Paper

Reduced Salience and Enhanced Central Executive Connectivity Following PTSD Treatment

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Chadi G AbdallahPeter Fox

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In soldiers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), symptom provocation was found to induce increased connectivity within the salience network, as measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and global brain connectivity with global signal regression (GBCr). However, it is unknown whether these GBCr disturbances would normalize following effective PTSD treatment. METHODS: 69 US Army soldiers with (n = 42) and without PTSD (n = 27) completed fMRI at rest and during symptom provocation using subject-specific script imagery. Then, participants with PTSD received 6 weeks (12 sessions) of group cognitive processing therapy (CPT) or present-centered therapy (PCT). At week 8, all participants repeated the fMRI scans. The primary analysis used a region-of-interest approach to determine the effect of treatment on salience GBCr. A secondary analysis was conducted to explore the pattern of GBCr alterations post-treatment in PTSD participants compared to controls. RESULTS: Over the treatment period, PCT significantly reduced salience GBCr (p = .02). Compared to controls, salience GBCr was high pretreatment (PCT, p = .01; CPT, p = .03) and normalized post-PCT (p = .53), but not post-CPT (p = .006). Whole-brain se...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Brain
Cognition
Cognitive Therapy
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Ultrasonography
Repair of Brain
FMRI
Reduction - Action
Soldiers

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