Oct 31, 2018

Reduced variation in Wolbachia density of larval stages in comparison with adults of Onchocerca volvulus: implications for clinical outcome of infection?

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Samuel ArmooWarwick N Grant

Abstract

Background: Wolbachia are important endosymbionts of filarial parasites. The Wolbachia of Onchocerca volvulus, the filarial pathogen responsible for the human disease onchocerciasis, is implicated in the immunopathology of the disease and may be associated with disease severity dependent on the density of Wolbachia. However, little is known in regards to the density and heterogeneity of Wolbachia in microfilariae, the life stage that is thought to be responsible for the pathology. Results: We used a real-time qPCR relative copy number assay to estimate the number of Wolbachia genome(s) per nuclear genome of skin microfilariae (Mf), vector L1 and iL3, and nodulectomy adult male and female O. volvulus worms sampled in Ghana and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Relatively low median Wolbachia copy numbers and variation was observed in the Mf and vector stages, in contrast to significantly higher median and more variable Wolbachia copy number from the iL3 stage to the adult worm stages. Conclusions: This study provides the first insight into variation in Wolbachia density between the major life stages of the parasite. The relatively invariant ratios observed for Mf and vector stages is in strong contrast to the high degree of ...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Study
Physicians - Immunopathology
Immunopathology Specialty
Filarial worm
Genome
Caenorhabditis elegans
Onchocerciasis
Pathogenic Organism
Interleukin-3

About this Paper

Related Feeds

Anthelmintics

Anthelmintics or antihelminthics are a group of antiparasitic drugs that expel parasitic worms (helminths) and other internal parasites from the body by either stunning or killing them and without causing significant damage to the host. Discover the latest research on anthelmintics here.

Anthelmintics (ASM)

Anthelmintics or antihelminthics are a group of antiparasitic drugs that expel parasitic worms (helminths) and other internal parasites from the body by either stunning or killing them and without causing significant damage to the host. Discover the latest research on anthelmintics here.

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.