Jul 19, 2000

Reduced ventricular response irregularity is associated with increased mortality in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation

A YamadaGenjiro Kimura


BACKGROUND-Variations in the ventricular response interval (VRI) during atrial fibrillation (AF) may be reduced in patients with adverse clinical outcomes. The properties of VRI dynamics associated with prognosis remain undetermined. METHODS AND RESULTS-In 107 patients with chronic AF (age, 64+/-9 years), we analyzed a 24-hour ambulatory ECG for VRI variability (SD, SD of successive differences, and SD of 5-minute averages) and VRI irregularity (Shannon entropy of histogram, symbolic dynamics, and approximate entropy of beat-to-beat and minute-to-minute fluctuations [ApEn(b-b) and ApEn(m-m)]). During a follow-up period of 33+/-16 months, 18 patients died (17%), 9 from cardiac causes, 7 from fatal strokes, and 2 from malignancies. Reductions in all VRI variability and irregularity measures were associated with an increased risk for cardiac death but not for fatal stroke. A significant association with cardiac death was also found for ejection fraction (relative risk, 1.10; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.04 to 1.17, per 1% decrement) and ischemic AF (relative risk, 6.52; 95% CI, 1.62 to 26. 3). After adjustment for these clinical variables, all irregularity measures except symbolic dynamics had predictive value (relative risks [...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Cessation of Life
Chronic Disease
Electrocardiography, Ambulatory
Survival Analysis
Atrial Fibrillation
Longitudinal Survey
Holter Electrocardiography
Cerebrovascular Accident
Stroke Volume

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