Jun 24, 1999

Reducing catheter-associated infections with silver-impregnated catheters in long-term therapy of children

Infection
R T CarbonJ P Guggenbichler

Abstract

Central venous long-term catheters offer reliable, large-lumen vascular access with high flow rates for delivery of nutrition or for cell-containing infusions and perfusions. Catheter-associated infections (CAI) pose the greatest threat to such vascular access, despite existing preventive measures. In this article one prospective and one retrospective study of CAI in pediatric therapy are presented. Study I: A retrospective investigation from 1990 through 1995 of 60 conventional long-term catheters in 50 patients. The total number of days in which the catheters were in place was 11,818. The calculated CAI incidence was 1 per 1,000 days of catheter insertion. Bacteriologically demonstrated CAI (identical isolate on the catheter tip and in a blood culture) occurred in three instances (5%). Five cases (8.3%) were diagnosed with a therapy-resistant, septic clinical picture. Study II: A prospective, randomized comparison of long-term silver-impregnated (Erlanger silver catheters) and control catheters (Quinton Instrument Co.) was made with 41 patients (20 with a silver catheter, 21 with a Quinton catheter). To date, the silver catheters have been distinguished by sterile bacteriological findings, whereas three cases of CAI have been...Continue Reading

  • References6
  • Citations14

References

  • References6
  • Citations14

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Pseudomonas aeruginosa (antigen)
Entire Lumen of Body System
Blood Vessel
Isolate compound
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Catheter Related Infection
Specialty Type - Intensive Care
Infertility
Microbicides
Catheterization, Central Venous

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.