Mar 30, 2001

Reducing CPR artefacts in ventricular fibrillation in vitro

Resuscitation
A LanghellePetter Andreas Steen

Abstract

CPR creates artefacts on the ECG, and a pause in CPR is therefore mandatory during rhythm analysis. This hands-off interval is harmful to the already marginally circulated tissues during CPR, and if the artefacts could be removed by filtering, the rhythm could be analyzed during ongoing CPR. Fixed coefficient filters used in animals cannot solve this problem in humans, due to overlapping frequency spectra for artefacts and VF signals. In the present study, we established a method for mixing CPR-artefacts (noise) from a pig with human VF (signal) at various signal-to-noise ratios (SNR) from -10 dB to +10 dB. We then developed a new methodology for removing CPR artefacts by applying a digital adaptive filter, and compared the results with this filter to that of a fixed coefficient filter. The results with the adaptive filter clearly outperformed the fixed coefficient filter for all SNR levels. At an original SNR of 0 dB, the restored SNRs were 9.0+/-0.7 dB versus 0.9+/-0.7 dB respectively (P<0.0001).

Mentioned in this Paper

Basic Cardiac Life Support
In Vitro [Publication Type]
Ventricular Fibrillation
Electrocardiographic Recorders

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