Mar 25, 2020

PathoFact: A pipeline for the prediction of virulence factors and antimicrobial resistance genes in metagenomic data

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
L. de NiesPaul Wilmes

Abstract

BackgroundPathogenic microorganisms cause disease by invading, colonizing and damaging their host. Virulence factors including bacterial toxins contribute to their pathogenicity. Additionally, antimicrobial resistance genes allow pathogens to evade otherwise curative treatments. To understand causal relationships between microbiome compositions, functioning, and disease, it is therefore essential to identify virulence factors and antimicrobial resistance genes in metagenomic datasets. At present, there is a clear lack of computational approaches to simultaneously identifying these factors. Here we present PathoFact, a tool for the contextualized prediction of virulence factors and antimicrobial resistance genes in metagenomic data. ResultsPathoFact predicts virulence factors, bacterial toxins and antimicrobial resistance genes with high accuracy (0.92, 0.83 and 0.99) and specificity (0.96, 0.99 and 0.98), respectively. The performance of PathoFact was furthermore demonstrated on three publicly available case-control metagenomic datasets representing an actual infection as well as chronic diseases in which either pathogenic potential or bacterial toxins were predicted to play a role. With PathoFact, we identified virulence fact...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Genome
Scalpel
Nucleic Acid Sequencing
Whole Exome Sequencing
Whole Genome Amplification
Sequencing
Microarray Platform
Simulation
Homopolymer
Validation Studies

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.