Oct 30, 2018

Reducing RF-induced Heating near Implanted Leads through High-Dielectric Capacitive Bleeding of Current (CBLOC)

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Laleh GolestaniradLawrence L Wald

Abstract

Patients with implanted medical devices such as deep brain stimulation or spinal cord stimulation are often unable to receive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This is because once the device is within the radiofrequency (RF) field of the MRI scanner, electrically conductive leads act as antenna, amplifying the RF energy deposition in the tissue and causing possible excessive tissue heating. Here we propose a novel concept in lead design in which 40cm lead wires are coated with a ~1.2mm layer of high dielectric constant material (155 < εr < 250) embedded in a weakly conductive insulation ( σ = 20 S/m ). The technique called High-Dielectric Capacitive Bleeding of Current, or CBLOC, works by forming a distributed capacitance along the lengths of the lead, efficiently dissipating RF energy before it reaches the exposed tip. Measurements during RF exposure at 64 MHz and 123 MHz demonstrated that CBLOC leads generated 20-fold less heating at 1.5 T, and 40-fold less heating at 3 T compared to control leads. Numerical simulations of RF exposure at 297 MHz (7T) predicted a 15-fold reduction in specific absorption rate (SAR) of RF energy around the tip of CBLOC leads compared to control leads.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Catheter Tip
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Malignant Neoplasm of Spinal Cord
Rhizotomy Procedure
Medical Devices
Neoplasm of Uncertain or Unknown Behavior of Spinal Cord
Stimulation Procedure
Antenna Complex
Spinal Cord Diseases
Benign Neoplasm of Spinal Cord

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