PMID: 9473271Apr 16, 1998

Reducing the renal uptake of radiolabeled antibody fragments and peptides for diagnosis and therapy: present status, future prospects and limitations

European Journal of Nuclear Medicine
T M BehrW Becker

Abstract

Elevated renal uptake and prolonged retention of radiolabeled antibody fragments and peptides is a problem in the therapeutic application of such agents. Over recent years, one of the focuses of research has therefore been to develop suitable methods to reduce this renal uptake, and to evaluate whether the resulting methodology will benefit therapy with antibody fragments and peptides. In these studies it has been shown that the kidney uptake of antibody fragments in animals can be reduced in a dose-dependent manner by almost one order of magnitude by the systemic administration of cationic amino acids and their derivatives, whereas the uptake in all other organs, as well as the tumor, remains unaffected. A similar reduction in renal retention is achieved for all intracellularly retained radionuclides (e.g., radiometals) or radioiodinated immunoconjugates, as well as for smaller peptides. Lysine is usually the preferred agent, and its d- and l-isomers are equally effective whether given intraperitoneally or orally. Amino sugars are effective, but their N-acetyl derivatives, lacking the positive charge, are not. Basic polypeptides are also effective, and their potency increases with increasing molecular weight (i.e., the amount ...Continue Reading

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