PMID: 7445641Jun 1, 1980Paper

Reduction in cardiotoxicity of ionic contrast media used in coronary angiography by added calcium--Clinical study (author's transl)

Zeitschrift für Kardiologie
J ZipfelG Hellige


In 16 patients with CAD, hemodynamic and electrophysiologic side effects were examined following selective coronary artery injections with Urografin 76%, a commonly used ionic contrast medium. A Millar transducer tipped catheter was placed in the left ventricle for continuous pressure recording also during injections. The unmodified contrast medium decreases peak left ventricular pressure (-22 +/- 8%) and dp/dt max (-27 +/- 13%) markedly at injection. With added calcium (22.5 mEq/l) this cardiodepressive reaction becomes diminished to -15 +/- 7% and -13 +/- 8% respectively with high significance (p < 0.001). This positive effect is even more marked using higher volumes of contrast material for injection. In contrast to animal experiments, calcium did not completely compensate the negative inotropic reaction even in higher concentration (33.75 mEq/l). The marked sinus slowing (-29 +/- 14%)--observed in patients and not influenced by the calcium addition--has an additional effect in the sense of a "negative frequency-inotropism" and is responsible for the residual cardiodepressive reaction. An influence on electrophysiologic side reactions can also be observed with added calcium but only in injections with higher volumes of contr...Continue Reading

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