PMID: 41794Aug 1, 1979

Reduction of cinerulose in aclacinomycin-A by soluble and microsomal cinerulose reductases

Gann = Gan
T KomiyamaH Umezawa


The in vitro metabolism of the antitumor anthracycline antibiotic, aclacinomycin-A, was studied using rat liver homogenate. In the presence of NADH or NADPH, aclacinomycin-A was converted to aclacinomycin-A analogs, MA144 M1 and MA144 N1, which were stereospecifically reduced at the keto group of the C-4''' position of L-cinerulose in aclacinomycin-A. Subcellular fractionation indicated that the production of MA144 M1, which was reduced to L-amicetose, was catalyzed by NADPH-dependent soluble cinerulose reductase I, and the production of MA144 N1, which was reduced to L-rhodinose, was catalyzed by NADPH-dependent soluble cinerulose reductase II and NADH-dependent microsomal cinerulose reductase. The properties of these three enzymes were studied. Soluble cinerulose reductase I which produces MA144 M1 showed a optimum pH at 6.3, Km values of 3.3 x 10(-4) M for aclacinomycin-A and 3.2 x 10(-5) M for NADPH. Soluble cinerulose reductase II which produces MA144 N1 showed a pH optimum at 6.3 and Km values of 2.0 x 10(-3) M for aclacinomycin-A and 4.0 x 10(-5) M for NADPH. All thesse reductases were sensitive to sulfhydryl reagents and were inhibited by vitamin K3. Microsomal cinerulose reductase showed sensitivity to diconmarol and f...Continue Reading

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Antibiotics, Cytotoxic
Mitochondria, Liver
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