Reduction of ethanol-induced gastric damage by sodium cromoglycate and FPL-52694. Role of leukotrienes, prostaglandins, and mast cells in the protective mechanism

Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
P L BeckJ L Wallace

Abstract

The mechanism of action of the "mast cell stabilizers" sodium cromoglycate and FPL-52694 as protective agents against ethanol-induced gastric mucosal damage was investigated in the rat. Using an ex vivo gastric chamber model, various concentrations (10-80 mg/mL) of the two agents were applied to the gastric mucosa prior to exposure to 40% ethanol. Both agents significantly reduced ethanol-induced damage in a dose-dependent manner. When given orally (80 mg/kg) both agents significantly reduced gastric damage induced by subsequent oral administration of absolute ethanol. Pretreatment with indomethacin did not significantly affect the protection afforded by FPL-52694, but did cause a partial reversal of the protective effect of sodium cromoglycate. Changes in gastric leukotriene C4 synthesis did not correlate with the protective effects of the two agents. Both mucosal and connective tissue mast cell numbers were significantly reduced following oral ethanol administration. In the groups pretreated with FPL-52694 or sodium cromoglycate, mucosal mast cell numbers were not significantly different from those in rats not treated with ethanol. Furthermore, the connective tissue mast cell numbers were significantly lower than in ethanol-t...Continue Reading

Citations

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