Reduction of morning blood pressure surge after treatment with nifedipine GITS at bedtime, but not upon awakening, in essential hypertension

Blood Pressure Monitoring
Ramón C HermidaJosé R Fernández

Abstract

The extent of morning blood pressure (BP) surge upon wakening has been associated with increased incidence of stroke and cardiovascular mortality. This trial investigated the antihypertensive efficacy and effects on the morning BP surge of awakening versus bedtime administration of nifedipine in essential hypertension. We studied 238 previously untreated hypertensive patients (108 men and 130 women), 53.3+/-11.4 years of age, randomly assigned to receive nifedipine (30 mg/day) as a monotherapy either upon awakening or at bedtime. BP was measured for 48 h before and after 8 weeks of treatment. The BP reduction after the treatment was significantly greater with bedtime dosing (P<0.001). The proportion of patients with controlled ambulatory BP thus increased from 28 to 43% (P = 0.019) with bedtime treatment. The sleep time relative BP decline was unchanged after morning treatment, but increased toward a more dipping pattern after bedtime dosing (P = 0.026 between groups). The morning BP surge was unchanged after the administration of nifedipine upon awakening (1.4/1.2 mmHg reduction in systolic/diastolic BP surge, P>0.270), but significantly reduced after bedtime dosing (6.2/4.4 mmHg reduction, P<0.001). Nifedipine efficiently red...Continue Reading

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