Reductions in Retrieval Competition Predict the Benefit of Repeated Testing

Scientific Reports
Nicole S RafidiK A Norman

Abstract

Repeated testing leads to improved long-term memory retention compared to repeated study, but the mechanism underlying this improvement remains controversial. In this work, we test the hypothesis that retrieval practice benefits subsequent recall by reducing competition from related memories. This hypothesis implies that the degree of reduction in competition between retrieval practice attempts should predict subsequent memory for practiced items. To test this prediction, we collected electroencephalography (EEG) data across two sessions. In the first session, participants practiced selectively retrieving exemplars from superordinate semantic categories (high competition), as well as retrieving the names of the superordinate categories from exemplars (low competition). In the second session, participants repeatedly studied and were tested on Swahili-English vocabulary. One week after session two, participants were again tested on the vocabulary. We trained a within-subject classifier on the data from session one to distinguish high and low competition states. We then used this classifier to measure the change in competition across multiple successful retrieval practice attempts in the second session. The degree to which competi...Continue Reading

References

Jun 1, 1994·Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry·R E LauerS Berent
Nov 18, 2000·Psychonomic Bulletin & Review·M C AndersonR A Bjork
Nov 6, 2003·Statistical Methods in Medical Research·Thomas Nichols, Satoru Hayasaka
Jun 15, 2007·Nature Neuroscience·Brice A KuhlAnthony D Wagner
Aug 29, 2007·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition·Gino CampHenk G Schmidt
Oct 3, 2007·Psychological Review·Kenneth A NormanGreg Detre
Feb 16, 2008·Science·Jeffrey D Karpicke, Henry L Roediger
Nov 5, 2008·Frontiers in Neuroscience·Alexander Borst
Feb 26, 2010·Cerebral Cortex·Ehren L Newman, Kenneth A Norman
Sep 2, 2010·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition·Andrew C Butler
Sep 2, 2010·Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience·Simon HanslmayrKarl-Heinz Bäuml
Jul 20, 2011·Experimental Psychology·Justin C HulbertMichael C Anderson
May 4, 2012·Memory & Cognition·Benjamin C Storm, Benjamin J Levy
Jun 27, 2012·Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition·Ruthann C Thomas, Mark A McDaniel
Mar 19, 2013·Neuropsychologia·Greg J DetreKenneth A Norman
Sep 3, 2014·Psychological Bulletin·Kou MurayamaBenjamin C Storm
Dec 19, 2014·Nature Communications·Jarrod A Lewis-Peacock, Kenneth A Norman
Mar 17, 2015·Nature Neuroscience·Maria WimberMichael C Anderson
Jan 25, 2017·The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience·Ghootae KimNicholas B Turk-Browne
Jun 7, 2017·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·James W AntonyMaria Wimber
Jul 25, 2017·Current Biology : CB·Avi J H ChanalesBrice A Kuhl

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Nov 9, 2018·Nature Communications·Pedro BekinschteinMichael C Anderson
Jul 31, 2019·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·Victoria J H RitvoKenneth A Norman

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Software Mentioned

ActiView
Windows
Google Forms

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Related Papers

Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
Katherine E BercovitzMelody Wiseheart
Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Meredith MinearMarissa Albat
The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology : QJEP
Kit W ChoDeana Vitrano
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved