Nov 1, 1977

Reevaluation of the Effect of Calcium Ions on Auxin-induced Elongation

Plant Physiology
R E Cleland


The mechanism by which calcium ions inhibit cell elongation has been reinvestigated. Growth-inhibiting levels of calcium, when applied to isolated walls (in vitro treatment) do not decrease cell wall extensibility as measured by the Instron technique. Thus, the hypothesis that calcium inhibits growth by forming wall-stiffening calcium bridges must be abandoned. Treatment of living auxin-treated sections with calcium (in vivo treatment) does cause a decrease in the subsequently measured wall extensibility, but this decline appears to be simply a consequence of the growth inhibition rather than its cause. Growth-inhibiting levels of calcium do not appreciably reduce the rate of auxin-enhanced H(+) excretion. Pretreatment with calcium does not reduce the capacity of walls to undergo acid-activated wall loosening in the absence of calcium. High concentrations of CaCl(2) (0.02 m) cause an initial elastic shrinkage of Avena sections comparable to that caused by the same osmolarity of mannitol, but the subsequent growth inhibition is too great to be explained by an osmotic inhibition. Calcium ions do inhibit H(+)-induced extension of frozen-thawed sections under tension. The growth-inhibitory effects of calcium, then, may be ascribed ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Calcium [EPC]
SLC25A29 gene
Osmolarity Measurement
Calcium ion
Cell Wall
Body Excretions

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