Apr 5, 1988

Refined crystal structure of Streptomyces griseus trypsin at 1.7 A resolution

Journal of Molecular Biology
R J Read, M N James

Abstract

Streptomyces griseus trypsin (SGT) is a bacterial serine proteinase that is more homologous to mammalian than to other bacterial enzymes. The structure of SGT has been solved primarily by molecular replacement, though some low-resolution phase information was supplied by heavy-atom derivatives. The mammalian pancreatic serine proteinases bovine trypsin (BT) and alpha-chymotrypsin (CHT) were used as molecular replacement models. Because these proteins have low homology with SGT compared to the majority of other successful replacement models, new strategies were required for molecular replacement to succeed. The model of SGT has been refined at 1.7 A resolution to a final R-factor of 0.161 (1 A = 0.1 nm); the correlation coefficient between all observed and calculated structure factor amplitudes is 0.908. Solvent molecules located in the crystal structure play an important role in stabilizing buried charged and polar groups. An additional contribution to stability can be seen in the fact that the majority of the charged side-chains are involved in ionic interactions, sometimes linking the two domains of SGT. A comparison of SGT with BT shows that the greatest similarities are in the active-site and substrate-binding regions, cons...Continue Reading

  • References23
  • Citations48

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Derivatives
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Trypsin Inhibitors
Calcium
R-factor
Complex (molecular entity)
Bos taurus
Alpha-chymotrypsin
Trypsin
Ligand Binding Domain

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.