Reflex bradycardia and hypotension produced by prostaglandin F2alpha in the cat

British Journal of Pharmacology
M C Koss, J Nakano


1 Intravenous administration of prostaglandin F2alpha results in a dose-dependent increase in pulmonary arterial pressure, decrease in systemic arterial pressure and a delayed bradycardia. Pulmonary vasoconstriction was observed at doses as low as 0.1 and 0.3 mug/kg. The systemic depressor and heart rate lowering effects were observed at 1 mug/kg doses and above. 2 A moderate bradycardia was still observed after atropine blockade but was abolished following bilateral vagotomy. Neither of these procedures affected the pulmonary vascular response. 3 Injections of submaximal doses of prostaglandin F2alpha (1--4 mug/kg) produced a greater and longer lasting bradycardia when injected into the left atrium than was observed following intravenous administration. In addition the latency of onset was much shorter following left atrial injection. These doses resulted in no change in heart rate and a minimal hypotension when injected into the brachiocephalic artery or into the aortic arch. 4 Small doses of prostaglandin F2alpha administered at the level of the origin of the coronary arteries produced marked decreases in heart rate and blood pressure whereas no change occurred following injection of the same amount into the ascending aorta ...Continue Reading


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