Jan 1, 1983

Reflex control of ventricular refractoriness in the nonischemic myocardium during coronary occlusion

The Japanese Journal of Physiology
K KamiyaK Yamada

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to determine whether activation of cardiac receptors and arterial baroreceptors by myocardial ischemia could elicit reflex alteration of the effective refractory period (ERP) of nonischemic ventricular myocardium in cats. Changes in ERP of nonischemic area of the right ventricle and mean arterial pressure (MAP) were measured during transient left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery occlusion in anesthetized cats. LAD coronary occlusion for 90 sec caused a small but significant shortening of ERP (maximal change = 2.5 +/- 2.3 msec) associated with a decrease in MAP. Vagotomy significantly augmented the shortening of ERP to -3.4 +/- 1.6 msec and attenuated the decrease in MAP. After selective cardiac sympathectomy, the reflex response in refractoriness was virtually abolished. In cats with sinoaortic denervation with intact sympathetic nerves, marked attenuation was observed in the reflex change in refractoriness, although the decrease in MAP was significantly greater. These results indicate that: (1) autonomic reflexes activated during acute myocardial ischemia shorten the refractory period of nonischemic ventricular myocardium; (2) the reflex response is predominantly mediated by enhancement of...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Myocardial Contraction
Left Ventricular Structure
Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium
Pressoreceptors
Refractory Period, Electrophysiological
Myocardial Ischemia
Nerve Conduction Function
Vagus Nerve Structure
Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome
Pressure Ulcer

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.