Regional changes in monoamine synthesis in the developing rat brain during hypoxia

Acta Physiologica Scandinavica
T Hedner, P Lundborg

Abstract

4, 14 and 28 days old rats were exposed to hypoxic environment of 6% O2-94% N2 for 30 min. Tyrosine hydroxylase and tryptophan hydroxylase activity was studied in different brain regions (hemispheres, striatum, midbrain and brainstem in vivo by measuring the accumulation of dihydroxyphenylalanine (Dopa) and 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) respectively, after inhibition of aromatic L-amino acid decarobyxlase with NSD 1015. Tyrosine and tryptophan levels in the different brain regions were measured simultaneously. The tyrosine and tryptophan levels in the various brain parts were generally not influenced during exposure to hypoxia. Tyrosine hydroxylase activity decreased in most areas in the 4 and 14 days old rats, and all brain areas studied in the 28 days old rats. Tryptophan hydroxylase activity decreased markedly in all brain areas at all ages studied. It is concluded that the enzymes tyrosine hydroxylase as well as tryptophan hydroxylase seem to be equally affected during hypoxia in the different brain regions studied.

References

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Jan 1, 1977·Biology of the Neonate·T HednerJ Engel
May 1, 1979·Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior·T HednerJ Engel
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Related Concepts

5-Hydroxytryptophan
Brain
Hydrazines
Tryptophan 5-monooxygenase
Dihydroxyphenylalanine Hydrochloride, (2:1)
PMS-Tryptophan
Th
Oxygen Consumption
Catecholamines
Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase

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