Dec 2, 1996

Regional variability and postsynaptic targets of chandelier cells in the hippocampal formation of the rat

The Journal of Comparative Neurology
A MartínezM Frotscher


Chandelier cells are specialized cortical GABAergic neurons that establish synaptic contacts exclusively with the axon initial segments of principal neurons. They are found in all regions of the hippocampal formation. Here we describe their morphological features in the hilus and in regions CA1 and CA3 by using Golgi/electron microscopy. Attempts were also made to identify the target neurons of chandelier cells in the hilus and entorhinal cortex. Golgi-impregnated chandelier cells display a complex axonal arbor in CA1, with many collaterals forming strings of boutons. The axon plexuses of such cells are less developed in CA3, whereas those in the hilus cover the entire region, although single collaterals are rather simple, with only a few boutons. The dendrites of chandelier cells in CA1 and CA3 have an orientation similar to that of pyramidal cell dendrites and are thus likely to be activated by the same afferent fiber systems. The hilar chandelier cells do not give rise to dendrites invading the molecular layer. Thus, these cells may not receive a dense input from the entorhinal cortex but may be driven by the abundant mossy fiber collaterals in the hilar region. In the CA1 and CA3 regions, the axons of chandelier cells conta...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Presynaptic Terminals
Cell Projection
CA3 Pyramidal Cell Area
Golgi Apparatus
Mossy Fiber
Injection Procedure

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.