Dec 2, 1996

Regional variability and postsynaptic targets of chandelier cells in the hippocampal formation of the rat

The Journal of Comparative Neurology
A MartínezM Frotscher

Abstract

Chandelier cells are specialized cortical GABAergic neurons that establish synaptic contacts exclusively with the axon initial segments of principal neurons. They are found in all regions of the hippocampal formation. Here we describe their morphological features in the hilus and in regions CA1 and CA3 by using Golgi/electron microscopy. Attempts were also made to identify the target neurons of chandelier cells in the hilus and entorhinal cortex. Golgi-impregnated chandelier cells display a complex axonal arbor in CA1, with many collaterals forming strings of boutons. The axon plexuses of such cells are less developed in CA3, whereas those in the hilus cover the entire region, although single collaterals are rather simple, with only a few boutons. The dendrites of chandelier cells in CA1 and CA3 have an orientation similar to that of pyramidal cell dendrites and are thus likely to be activated by the same afferent fiber systems. The hilar chandelier cells do not give rise to dendrites invading the molecular layer. Thus, these cells may not receive a dense input from the entorhinal cortex but may be driven by the abundant mossy fiber collaterals in the hilar region. In the CA1 and CA3 regions, the axons of chandelier cells conta...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Presynaptic Terminals
Cell Projection
CA3 Pyramidal Cell Area
Golgi Apparatus
Hilar
CA3
Neurons
Mossy Fiber
Lucifer
Injection Procedure

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